Bees and Wasps |
Butterflies and Moths |
Praying Mantids |
Other Bugs |
General Bugs Fact
|There are thirty-five thousand kinds of ants in the world.
There are sixty species of ants in North America.
Wood ants squirt acid from the end of their abdomens.
Wood ant workers live seven to ten years.
The queen ant has wings.
Ants have two stomachs one for them and one to feed others.
Some ants sleep seven hours a day.
The queen ant licks the eggs to make them hatch.
The queen feeds her eggs her own saliva
The insect with the largest brain in proportion to its size is the ant.
|Bees and Wasps|
|The female yellow jacket wasp lays both fertilized and unfertilized eggs. Female workers develop from the fertilized egg and male drones develop from the unfertilized egg.
A dying Yellowjacket releases an alarm pheromone that alerts its comrades. In less than 15 seconds, Yellowjackets within a 15-foot radius will rally to the victim's aid.
Africanized honey bees (aka killer bees) will pursue an enemy 1/4 mile or more
Bees are capable of seeing ultraviolet light which is invisible to humans.
Honeybees communicate direction and distance from the hive to nectar sources through a sophisticated dance "language".
Bees use the sun as a compass. Even when the sun is obscured by clouds, bees can detect it's position from the light in brighter patches of the sky.
A bee has five eyes, two large compound eyes on either side of its head, and three ocelli (primitive eyes) on top of its head to detect light intensity.
|With over 300,000 different species, one out of every four animals on earth is a beetle.
The metallic-coloured wing covers of some beetles are used for jewelry.
The heaviest insect in the world is the Goliath beetle from Africa? A big male can weigh up to 100 grams.
The Firefly belongs to the beetle family
There are over 2000 species of fireflies living in the tropical and temperate regions.
There are nearly 5,000 different kinds of ladybugs worldwide and 400 which live in North America.
A female ladybug will lay more than 1000 eggs in her lifetime.
Ladybugs make a chemical that smells and tastes terrible so that birds and other predators won't eat them.
Some wood beetles can emerge from wood where they live after as long as 40 years
|Butterflies and Moths|
|A tagged Monarch butterfly was released near Ontario, Canada and was recovered 4 months later in Angangueo , Mexico. The straight line distance between these two sites is 2,133 miles.
Sphinx moths, or hawk moths, have been measured at 53 km/h. However, a horsefly (Hybomitra hinei wrighti) was recently clocked at 145 km/h! More research needs to be done in order to determine the fastest insect
Female Queen Alexandra butterflies, from Papua and New Guinea, are the largest in the world, some with wingspans larger than 26 cm.
The atlas moth, one of the largest silk moths, can be mistaken for a medium-sized bat when flying.
One Species of moth lives entirely on cow tears
Butterflies taste with their feet.
|Cockroaches' favorite food is the glue on envelopes and on the back of postage stamps.
A German cockroach can survive a month or more without food...but less than two weeks without water.
A cockroach can live for nine days without its head.
One female cockroach can produce two million offspring in one year. Average breeding session produces 35,0000 offspring.
The largest cockroach is Megaloblatta longipennis of Columbia (that name is not a joke...honest). The largest specimen ever recorded was a female that measured 3.81 inches long by 1.77 inches across!
The fastest land moving insects are the tropical cockroaches. They can move 50 body lengths per second. This would be equivalent to a human sprinter running the 100 yard dash in 1 second or approximately 200MPH!
|The largest known variety of flea is Hystrivhopsylla schefferi. This species of flea is known from only one specimen taken from the nest of a mountain beaver. It was 1/3 of an inch long!
A flea can jump 130 times its own height
A female flea sucks up to 30 times her weight in blood per day and excretes six times her weight in flea baby food
The champion jumper is the cat flea. It has been known to leap to a height of 34 inches subjecting itself to over 200 g's!
There are 1,830 varieties of fleas.
Cat and dog fleas are closely related, but separate species. Cat fleas may be found on dogs.
|A midge fly holds the record, with a wing beat of 1046 times a second.
Flies can "taste" with their feet
The house fly "hums" in the key of F
Flies like heat, light, low wind.
Adults live for about a month and produce 500 to 2,000 eggs in their life.
Flies are attracted by odors, and usually enter a building through open doors and windows near garbage and food.
Deer flies will bite a hole in your skin with their strong mandibles, put a little saliva-like material in the wound to keep the blood from clotting and lap up the blood with a sponge-like proboscis .
Beginning with one pair of house flies in April, there would be a total of 191,000,000,000,000,000,000 flies by August if all the descendants of this pair lived and reproduced normally.
The average airspeed of the common housefly is 4.5 miles per hour.
|Praying mantids are among the few insects which can rotate their heads so they can literally look over their shoulders.
In some species of praying mantis, the female begins to eat the male while they are mating. She starts at his head and by the time she reaches his abdomen, mating is completed.
There are about 1,700 varieties of praying mantis.
The female mantis lays up to 300 eggs.
The mantis will attack butterflies, bees, beetles, frogs, spiders, mice, lizards, and small birds.
The mantis has very good eyesight.
The mantis sheds its skin twelve times before it is full grown.
The only insect that can turn its head 360 degrees is the praying mantis.
|Mosquitoes kill about 2 million people a year.
The mosquito's visual picture is an infrared view produced by its prey's body temperature.
The average life span of the female mosquito is 3 to 100 days; the male's is 10 to 20 days.
Mosquito adults feed on flower nectar and juices of fruits for flight energy.
The female requires a blood meal for egg development
The mosquito matures from egg to adult in 4 to 7 days.
Most mosquitoes remain within 1 mile of their breeding site.
There are 140 different kinds of mosquitoes in the world.
Female Mosquitoes are attracted to carbon-dioxide.
|The Brazilian wandering spiders are the most venomous spiders in the world.
Tarantual wasps paralyze tarantulas and lay a single egg on the still living spider; when the egg hatches, the wasp larva has fresh food.
Tarantulas can live 30 years
the average spider web weighs 1/2000th of an ounce.
Some species of baby spiders that bite off the limbs of their mothers and slowly dine on them over a period of weeks. Researchers hypothesize the maternal sacrifice keeps the young from eating one another.
The average spider can travel up to 1.17 miles per hour.
|There are twenty-one hundred species of termites.
Some termites workers have no eyes.
A queen termite can lay thirty thousand eggs a day.
The queen of an African termite species can grow as large as 5 inches and lay as many as 30,000 eggs a day.
Some termites queens are reported to live for 50 years, although the average age is nearer to 15.
|The fastest known insect is a dragon fly that has been clocked at 58 kilometres an hour
Dragonfly larvae use their jet butts to help them catch and eat up to 300 mosquito larvae a day.
Living scorpions reflect ultraviolet light and can glow with an eerie greenish colour when exposed to UV light, no matter what colour they appear under normal lighting conditions.
The Jungle Nymph Stick is one of the heaviest insects. In Malaysia they are often kept by people who feed them guava leaves and use the droppings to make tea.
The longest insect is a walking stick that can reach a length of 33 centimetres
The eggs of walking stick insects are among the largest in the insect world. Some eggs are more than eight millimetres long.
The song of the field cricket is temperature dependent; the tone and tempo drop with the drop in temperature. Count the chirps in 13 seconds, add 40, and you will have the approximate temperature in degrees.
The male cicada may be the loudest insect known. The mating sound can be heard as far as 440 yards.
A centipede in southern Europe has 177 PAIRS of legs
Some species of mayfly's eggs can take up to 3 years to hatch. Then have a lifespan of about 6 hours
If one places a tiny amount of liquor on a scorpion, it will instantly go mad and sting itself to death.
100 grams of the bug cricket contains: 121 calories, 12.9 grams of protein, 5.5 grams of fat, and 5.1 grams of carbohydrates.
|General Bugs Fact|
|All insects must have:
three body parts - a head, thorax, and abdomen
six jointed legs
two antennae to sense the world around them
an exoskeleton (outside skeleton)
95% of all the animal species on the earth are insects!
Over one million species have been discovered by scientists, and they think that there might be ten times that many that haven't been named yet!
No one really knows why insect like light. Most scientists think that bright lights confuse the insects' guidance systems so they can't fly straight any more.
Insects breathe through holes in the sides of their bodies
The average human will eat 8 spiders while asleep in thier lifetime.
The highest amount paid for a penny was $82,500 in 1996. In 1943, pennies were made of zinc-coated steel because copper was needed for the war effort. However a few copper pennies were minted in that year as they switched from copper to steel in the mints.